Back in the1960s, there was a so-called club made up of only African American women. At the heart of the NASA company, they, with a different skin colour than the rest, had to be separated from all those privileged one. They worked in other rooms, and for each task completed, they had to report to their superiors – _many white men and couple of white women. Not knowing what talents they do have in their company, their superiors paid no attention to them. At the time, they were a cheap labour force. Until one day. But first, lets take a look at the fact inside the NASA’s company centre.
In the 1960s women first worked in support as administrators, secretaries, doctors, psychologists, and later engineers. By the end of the 1960s, when NASA started recruiting women and minorities for the space program, they had employed thousands of women. Some of them were working as a engineer – _Dana Ulery, or as a guidance computer lead programmer for the Apollo 11 program – Dr. Carolyn Huntoon, or as a leader for biomedical engineer for the same mission – Judy Sullivan. However, not everyone was accepting of this “phenomenon”. In 1962, George Low, NASA’s chief of Manned Spaceflight, fought against women by telling the Congress that working with women would delay his work. Meanwhile, John Kennedy signed the President’s Commission on the Status of Women to encourage gender equality in the workforce. Despite this, no women were selected to join the astronaut corps in 1963/65/66/67.
The ‘70s brought some minimal changes. In this year we could see that women were given the “privilege” of going near the space – and it was given to a African American women, named Dr. Mae Jemison. In the 1983, Sally Ride made history, as the first American women astronaut to go into space. During 1985, Shannon Lucid spent 188 days in the space. Brave women, aren’t they? Or just maybe they did deserve the same rights as a man did?
History has made on February 3rd 1995, when Colonel Eillen Collins became the first woman to pilot a spacecraft. Over the course of these few decades, we can see that there were actually not many women, not only in space, but not many of them involved in the creation of the path itself.
What has really changed over the years? It’s pretty much the same nowadays. There are still fewer women in the NASA, and women are still not considered equal to men. And why is that? Women can do mathematical problems, women can prepare for the space travel. Women can be the leaders of those same journeys. But still, they are not.
To return to the beginning of this story. Three main hidden figures were involved in Apollo 11 Mission. All three of them were African American women. Were they wrong in something? As we all know by n_o_w_,_ _t_h_e_y_ _w_e_r_e_ _n_o_t_._ _I_n_ _f_a_c_t_,_ _i_f_ _i_t_ _w_e_r_e_ _n_o_t_ _f_o_r_ _t_h_e_m_,_ _I_’m_ _p_r_e_t_t_y_ _s_u_r_e_ _t_h_a_t_ _t_h_e_ _A_p_o_l_l_o_ _1_1_ _M_i_s_s_i_o_n_ _w_o_u_l_d_n_’t_ _have happened at the scheduled time.
If it_ _w_a_s_n_’t_ _f_o_r_ _t_h_e_ _w_o_m_e_n_ _w_h_o_ _helped accomplish the Apollo 11 mission, NASA might not be as successful as it is now.
So we should thanks to all of hidden figures. Not only in NASA, but throughout the history and in every day of our life.