Gender equality represents one of the most important human rights, but also a fundament for a peaceful, sustainable and successful world. Unfortunately, even there exist movements and actions meant to establish a balance between genders, a lot of people are suffering discrimination, stereotypes, prejudices and violence in every part of the world – not only women or men, but also, and in much worse way homosexual and transgender people.
As UNICEF stated, gender equality means: “Women and men, and girls and boys, enjoy the same rights, resources, opportunities and protection.”
As an historic reference, the first person who advocated for gender equality was the French writer, Christine de Pizan. Through her book, “The book of the City of Ladies”, released in 1405, she stand that the oppression of women is founded on irrational prejudice, pointing out numerous advances in society probably created by women.
After more than three centuries, in 1778, the evangelical group The Shakers which practiced segregation sexes and strict celibacy, started to support the equality of genders. The leader of the group Joseph Meacham, brought Lucy Wright into the ministry as his female counterpart. Together, they restricted the society in order to balance the rights of genders and they maintained this concept more than 200 years.
Nowadays, the fundamental institutions who supports gender equality is United Nations. The mentioned institution states that “women’s empowerment and gender equality requires strategic interventions at all levels of programming and policy-making. These levels include reproductive health, economic, educational and political empowerment”.
Efforts to fight gender inequality are made also by the European Union. In 2010, the European Institution opened the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) in Vilnus, Lithuania, to fight discrimination and to promote gender equality.
In conformity with World Economic Forum, in 2017, the countries with the most percent of equality were Iceland, Norway and Finland. Iceland is a leader regarding this topic, choosing more than 80% of their gender gaps, all over the country.
As reflected in the Index of World Economic Forum, the western part of Europe is the best performing region. On the other side, South and North Africa are having huge gaps left to close.
The belief is that there is need 100 more years in order to close the overall gender gap in the countries.
Supporting the gender equality all the community will benefit of peaceful environment and advanced economy. Moreover, the diversity in leadership roles will boost the business performance, and the shared household activities will lead to a happier relationship. And the most important aspect of gender equality is that the children life will be improved.